Blood Poisoning also called Sepsis occurs when chemicals released in the bloodstream to fight an infection trigger inflammation throughout the body. This can cause a cascade of changes that damage multiple organ systems, leading them to fail, sometimes even resulting in death.
“Blood poisoning” isn’t a medical term. But as the term is often used, it refers to the presence of bacteria in the blood (bacteremia) or an infection in the blood — and not a poisonous substance in the blood. But bacteremia and infection can potentially progress to sepsis and septic shock — serious illnesses that need prompt medical attention.
Signs And Symptoms of Blood Poisoning:
Fever And Chills
Blood poisoning causes signs and symptoms that are identical to that of common cold. Fever, fatigue, loss of appetite and chills are some of the symptoms. You will feel lethargic and sick. If you are affected with blood poisoning the signs and symptoms will occur very fast and worsen expeditiously. If it is just a common cold that has affected, the development of symptoms will take a long time to progress. The doctor will prescribe tests of blood and urine samples and confirm diagnosis.
Mood Swings And Changes In Blood Pressure
Irritability, depression and anxiety may be encountered when you have septicemia. The patient will suffer confusion and will not recognize his ambience. Racing of the heart and increased breathing are other symptoms. People around you will recognize your plight and realize that you are not doing well. The blood pressure will decline steeply and urination will cease. If it is not treated in time the patient will become comatose. If the case of septicemia is detected in the early stages it can be treated with antibiotics. If the situation is very severe hospitalization with oxygen supply and IV would be required.
Anemia is a medical plight where the red blood cells or the hemoglobin is in a reduced count than it should normally be. Anemia is due to decreased production of the red blood cells or and increased blood loss or due to destruction of the red blood cells in the blood. Chronic disease leads to anemia. Infections, cancer reduce the production of the red blood cells in the patient’s bone marrow. If it does not respond to treatment then erythropoietin or darbepoietin medicines that help to stimulate the marrow and produce red blood cells must be administered. In very rare cases where anemia becomes very severe blood transfusions will be helpful.
Kidney infection is another symptom of blood poisoning. It is conceivably fatal. It eventuates when the bacteria spreads from the affected kidney to the blood flow. If the bacteria get into the blood stream the infection can spread to the body parts along with all the major organs of the body. Low pressure, excessive sweating, disorientation, shivering high temperature, fast heart beats, pale skin and breathlessness are some symptoms of the disease.
Tetanus is a very crucial infection that is provoked by Clostridium tetani that is usually located in the soil, dust, manure and saliva. The bacteria customarily embark through a break in the dermis like an incision, a hole or opening by an infected article. They generate toxins that intrude with muscle constriction developing typical symptoms.
Signs and symptoms due to poisoning of blood are varied from person to person. There is a particular type of rash on the skin that develops along with septicemia. These start as tiny blood spots on the skin and they tend to grow and get connected and look like an perturbation. When the bruises connect they will turn purple and cover large areas of the skin.