A blemish is any type of mark, spot, discoloration, or flaw that appears on the skin.
Blemishes on the face may be unsightly and emotionally upsetting, but most are benign and not life-threatening. Some blemishes, however, can signal skin cancer.
Seeking medical treatment or using at-home remedies may help reduce the appearance of blemishes.
Read on to learn the different types of blemishes and how you can treat them.
Types Of Blemishes
- Age spots
Acne (acne vulgaris) is caused when oil, bacteria and dirt block a hair follicle on your skin.
- Certain medications
- Poor hygiene
- Wrong skin care products
- Unhealthy Diet
Blemishes or dark spots caused by acne can be cured with pigment reducing actives available in the form of creams and serums.
Skin rash is characterized by a change in the skin color and texture. Following are the causes for skin rash.
- Hot and humid weather
- Excess sun exposure
- Food allergies
- Dry skin
- Insect bites
- Medication effects
- Fungal or bacterial skin infection
Paracetamol or ibuprofen (advil) relieve the mild pain associated with rash. Do not use harsh and scented skincare products.
Blemishes caused by a rash can be treated with pigment reducing actives.
3. Age Spots
Age spots, also called liver spots, commonly occur in people over the age of 40.
Exposure to sun leads to overactive skin pigment cells. This accelerates the production of melanin in certain areas of the skin, leaving harmless age spots.
Bleaching agents containing hydroquinone can be used.
4. Birth Marks
Birthmarks are abnormalities of the skin that are present when a baby is born. There are two types of birthmarks:
- Vascular birthmarks are made up of blood vessels that haven’t formed correctly.
- Pigmented birthmarks are made of a cluster of pigment cells which cause color in skin.
They can be many different colors, from tan to brown, gray to black, or even blue. Moles can be birthmarks.
The cause of birthmarks is unknown.
Most birthmarks are harmless. Vascular birthmarks can be removed using laser surgery.
Melasma is caused due to excess production of melanin (skin pigment).
It is characterized by dark patches on the skin.
- Exposure to sun
- Hormonal abnormalities
- Birth control pills
Topical treatments for melasma include iron oxide, hydroquinone, azelaic acid, kojic acid, corticosteroids, etc.
Oral treatments include tranexamic acid, polypodium, leucotomos and glutathione. Procedural treatments include laser, chemical peels and microneedling.