Chronic kidney disease, also called chronic kidney failure, describes the gradual loss of kidney function, Your kidneys filter wastes and excess fluids from your blood, which are then excreted in your urine.
- Shortness of breath, if fluid builds up in the lungs
- Chest pain, if fluid builds up around the lining of the heart
- Swelling of feet and ankles
- Persistent itching
- Decreased mental sharpness
- Changes in how much you urinate
- Sleep problems
- Fatigue and weakness
FACTORS THAT MAY INCREASE THE RISK OF KIDNEY CHRONIC DISEASES ARE:
- Older age
- Abnormal kidney structure
- Family history of kidney disease
- Heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease
- High blood pressure
PREVENTIONS OF REDUCING THE RISK OF DEVELOPING CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASES
- Manage your medical conditions with your doctor’s help: If you have diseases or conditions that increase your risk of kidney disease, work with your doctor to control them, Ask your doctor about tests to look for signs of kidney damage.
- Maintain a healthy weight: If you’re at a healthy weight, work to maintain it by being physically active most days of the week, If you need to lose weight, talk with your doctor about strategies for healthy weight loss, Often this involves increasing daily physical activity and reducing calories.
- Don’t smoke: Cigarette smoking can damage your kidneys and make existing kidney damage worse. If you’re a smoker, talk to your doctor about strategies for quitting smoking. Support groups, counseling and medications can all help you to stop.