Bronchial Disease can make it hard for you to breathe.
The most common problem with the bronchi is bronchitis, an inflammation of the tubes. It can be acute or chronic.
Other problems include.
Bronchial Disease is a condition in which damage to the airways causes them to widen and become flabby and scarred.
The following is a list of some of the infections and conditions that can cause Bronchial Disease.
- whooping cough
- viral infection
- bacterial infection
- fungal infection
- mycoplasma infection
Causes of blocked airways:
- lung tumor
- enlarged lymph glands
- inhaled foreign object
- cystic fibrosis
- ciliary dyskinesia, including Kartagener’s syndrome
- alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency
- immunoglobulin deficiency syndromes
- white blood cell problems
- autoimmune or hyperimmune disorders (rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis)
- toxic fumes, gases, or particles
- inhaling food or stomach acid
- HIV infection
- drug abuse, such as heroin use
Bronchial Disease Symptoms
Coughing and shortness of breath are common symptoms of Bronchial Disease.
- Coughing up phlegm or blood
- Chills or night sweats
- Weight loss
- Chest pain
- Thicker skin under your fingernails and toenails (clubbing)
- Wheezing or a whistling sound when you breathe
- Frequent respiratory infections
Treatment Bronchial Disease
You’ll probably get antibiotics to fight infections. One type, called macrolides (examples are azithromycin and clarithromycin), eases inflammation.
Inhaled corticosteroids can also treat inflammation in your airways. Your doctor may prescribe medicine to thin mucus or help you cough it up (called expectorants).
They might also give you an inhaler or a machine called a nebulizer to breathe in bronchodilators, drugs that open your airways.
Your doctor will probably suggest that you get flu and pneumonia vaccinations to keep certain infections at bay.
Oxygen therapy and chest physical therapy:
They may also suggest oxygen therapy or methods and devices to shake mucus free.
These treatments are known as chest physical therapy (CPT), chest clapping, or percussion.
They can include physically pounding on your chest to clear your bronchi and lungs, or wearing an inflatable vest that uses air waves to force mucus up.
In severe cases, you might need to have surgery or a lung transplant.